Tag Archives: wish

How the soul moves the body, and what is the origin of the animal’s motion

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It remains, then, to inquire the way in which the soul moves the body, and what is the origin of the animal’s motion. For the ensouled, save the motion of the universe, are responsible for the motion of the rest, providing not to move by each other through bumping against each other. This is why all their movements have a limit, since so do the motions of the ensouled. For all animals are both movers and being moved for the sake of something, so that this is the limit of all their motion: the for-the-sake-of-something.

We also see that what produce motion to animal are intellect, imagination, choice, will, and wish. And all these can be reduce to intellect and desire. For both imagination and perception possess the same place as intellect; for both of them can distinguish, but are different in things that we have discussed in previous works of ours. Again will and spiritedness and wish are all sorts of desire, whereas choice is common to both intellect and desire. So the first mover is the object of desire and the one of thought — not every object of thought, but the end of things that are concerned with actions. Hence the mover is of this sort of good, but not whatever is fair; for it is on the ground that something else is for its sake, and in so far as it is the end of things that are for the sake of something else that can produce movement. We must also take as good whatever seems to be so, as well as the pleasant; for it is an apparent good.

The difference between choice and wish

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Choice is not just a preference or selection but a selection out of a deliberative desire. I call it deliberative when deliberation is the beginning and cause of the desire, and one desires because of the deliberation; while the deliberation is consideration and circumspection of a purpose. Therefore, when no aim lies we do not deliberate. So first we think, next we judge, after that there comes desire and wish for what is picked out by the deliberation, and then we choose. Hence choice is a deliberative desire.

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